Exchange Database

Indusco Founded

To help the Chinese produce materials for their fight against Japan, U.S. authors and journalists Helen Foster Snow and Edgar Snow joined with a few other foreigners to create Industrial Cooperatives (Indusco)—small factories that could be established anywhere with very little money.
Both Nationalists and Communists picked up on this idea, and cooperatives were set up throughout Chinese held territory. In addition to making an important contribution to China’s early war effort, the Chinese name of the project, with its spirit of concerted and collective action, provided a new word for the English language: gung ho.
Contact Info: 
U.S. Department of State
Type of Exchange: 
American authors and journalists Helen Foster Snow and Edgar Snow
Participants (Types): 
authors, journalists, business people
Exchange Date: 
Saturday, January 1, 1938
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Commission Report

Polls show Americans and Chinese are becoming less trustful of each other’s country. The Commission assesses the problem and offers recommendations to foster greater U.S.-China collaboration and understanding.

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